Jacob (Israel) after whose name the country was named

Posted by admin on 11 August 2019 in Genesis |

Genesis 25 – Genesis 50

Rebekah conceived fraternal twins (Genesis 25:12). God revealed their destinies as Rebekah enquired of the LORD (“…the elder (Esau) will serve the younger (Jacob)…”) (Genesis 25:22-23). Jacob means ‘supplanter’. Jacob received Isaac’s blessing instead of Esau (Genesis 27:1-40). Jacob was sent away to the house of Rebekah’s brother, Laban, fleeing from the anger of Esau (Genesis 27:41-45).

See Genesis 28:10-22.

Along the journey, Jacob had a special dream, and the LORD said to him in the dream:

‘I am the Lord, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying. 14 Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring. 15 I am with you and will watch over you wherever you go, and I will bring you back to this land. I will not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.’

Jacob setup a pillar and called the place ‘Bethel’ (the house of God).

Then Jacob made a vow, saying,

‘If God will be with me and will watch over me on this journey I am taking and will give me food to eat and clothes to wear 21 so that I return safely to my father’s household, then the Lord will be my God 22 and this stone that I have set up as a pillar will be God’s house, and of all that you give me I will give you a tenth.’

Jacob (77 years old) met Rachel (at least 12 years old, Laban’s younger daughter) (Genesis 29:11) and Jacob was in love with Rachel (Genesis 29:18).

7 years later, on the wedding night, Laban deceived Jacob and let him sleep with his elder daughter Leah. A week later, Laban gave him Rachel as well (Genesis 29:21-30).

One thing noticed is that Jacob deceived by Laban (Genesis 29:23), and also later deceived by his children (Genesis 37:31-35). This is compared to the event he deceived his father Isaac.

Jacob got 12 sons and one daughter (Genesis 29:31-35). He became rich (Genesis 30:25-43) and it was due to God’s help (Genesis 31:12). Jacob fled from Laban to go back to homeland (Genesis 31) as God commanded him (Genesis 31:3). On the way to homeland, Jacob prepared to meet Esau (Genesis 32). He prepared gifts for Esau (Genesis 32:1-21) and he wrestled with God (the angel of God) for blessing (Genesis 32:22-32).

See Genesis 32:26-29:

26 Then the man said, ‘Let me go, for it is daybreak.’

But Jacob replied, ‘I will not let you go unless you bless me.’

27 The man asked him, ‘What is your name?’

‘Jacob,’ he answered.

28 Then the man said, ‘Your name will no longer be Jacob, but Israel, because you have struggled with God and with humans and have overcome.’

29 Jacob said, ‘Please tell me your name.’

But he replied, ‘Why do you ask my name?’ Then he blessed him there.


As shown in Genesis 32:28, his name was changed to ‘Israel’.

God spoke to Jacob in Genesis 35:1. He built an altar in Bethel, where God revealed himself to him when he was fleeing from his brother (Genesis 35:7).

See Genesis 46:1-4. God spoke to Jacob when he offered sacrifices in Beersheba.

1So Israel set out with all that was his, and when he reached Beersheba, he offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac.

And God spoke to Israel in a vision at night and said, ‘Jacob! Jacob!’

‘Here I am,’ he replied.

‘I am God, the God of your father,’ he said. ‘Do not be afraid to go down to Egypt, for I will make you into a great nation there. I will go down to Egypt with you, and I will surely bring you back again. And Joseph’s own hand will close your eyes.’


Jacob continues to appear till Genesis 50. His son Joseph was focused from Genesis 37 onward.

Note that the country was named after Jacob’s new name, ‘Israel’. So, I am paying special attention to Jacob’s life.

In summary,

He wanted God’s blessing (Genesis 27:1-40, Genesis 28:20-22, Genesis 32:26), he setup an pillar or an altar, and offered sacrifice (Genesis 28:18, Genesis 35:7, Genesis 46:1), he received dreams, and the LORD appeared and spoke to him in dreams or a vision (Genesis 28:12-15, Genesis 31:3, Genesis 35:1, Genesis 46:2-3). He met God (His angel) and wrestle with Him (Genesis 32:22-32).

What makes him special or what we can learn from him…?

  • He knew he would need God’s blessing. Action plan we can take would be ‘asking God His blessing’.
  • The above summary tells us his faith. He had faith in God.

Let us continue to find more.


[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011). (2011). (Revised and updated edition). London: Hodder & Stoughton.

God speaks and He lives

Posted by admin on 29 July 2019 in Exodus, Genesis |

Genesis 39-41

Now Joseph had been taken down to Egypt. Potiphar, an Egyptian who was one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard, bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there (Genesis 39:1).

The LORD was with Joseph so that he prospered, and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master.  When his master saw that the LORD was with him and that the LORD gave him success in everything he did, Joseph found favour in his eyes and became his attendant. Potiphar put him everything in charge of his household. Now Joseph was well-built and handsome, and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph and said, ‘Come to bed with me!’

But he refused. ‘With me in charge,’ he told her, ‘my master does not concern himself with anything in the house; everything he owns he has entrusted to my care.  No one is greater in this house than I am. My master has withheld nothing from me except you, because you are his wife. How then could I do such a wicked thing and sin against God?’  And though she spoke to Joseph day after day, he refused to go to bed with her or even to be with her.

But due to her lie (Genesis 39:19), Joseph was put in prison (Genesis 39:20). But while Joseph was there in the prison, the LORD was with him; he showed him kindness and granted him favour in the eyes of the prison warder.  So, the warder put Joseph in charge of all those held in the prison, and he was made responsible for all that was done there.

Pharaoh’s chief cupbearer and chief baker were put in prison and they had dreams in the same night. Joseph interpret their dreams and told them what would happen in 3 days. Things happened as Joseph said (Genesis 40).

When Pharaoh had a dream and no one could interpret it, Joseph successfully interpreted and predicted what would happen over next 14 years. As a result, he was appointed as the prime minister of Egypt (Genesis 41).


God exists, speaks, and lives

When I read Genesis 39, it says “After Joseph was taken to Egypt, the LORD was with Joseph … and the LORD gave him success in everything he did…”, and etc.

The Holy Bible is full of “The Lord was … or did …”. When I was teenager, all books I read said “The human man or woman was … or did …”.

It is unfortunate to grow up or live without knowing God. When Russia had removed God from their people’s heart, it has realized people had become extremely evil and the crime rate had become high.  As the communism society tends to remove God from the equations, China also is known for serious human rights violations. The true light shone on my life of ignorance and spiritual death when I met Jesus at 18. It took quite a while for me to correct my thoughts that had been done without God so long.

I am glad that I may share what is written in the Holy Bible with others so that they may live by faith in God, who speaks and who lives. Without God, nothing answers us to the question “Why we should live?”. But with God we know the reason: God has the plan and purpose of the life for each one of us.

Apparently, it was a misery when Joseph was in the situation of life threatening and human trafficking (Genesis 38). But God took him to the next step closer to his dream through it.

God is almighty and He can work out everything and fulfil His purpose whatsoever.

The LORD works out everything to its proper end –
even the wicked for a day of disaster. (Proverbs 16:4)


God’s Word is the light

Only via the mirror of God’s Word, we can clearly see how great sins Joseph’s brothers committed are.

See Exodus 21:16. ‘Anyone who kidnaps someone is to be put to death, whether the victim has been sold or is still in the kidnapper’s possession.’

Therefore, their sin (kidnapping) was great and the offender(s) deserved the death based on the Law. Also, they lied to their father, which broke the 9th one (Exodus 20:19) of 10 commandments as well as Exodus 23:1-2.

Exodus 20:19

16 ‘You shall not give false testimony against your neighbour.

Exodus 23:1-2

‘Do not spread false reports. Do not help a guilty person by being a malicious witness.

‘Do not follow the crowd in doing wrong. When you give testimony in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd,


As a reference, one punch attack is a great sin according to Exodus 21:12. We hear such incidents in the news. God’s Word reveals what the sin is and the severity of it.

"Anyone who strikes a person with a fatal blow is to be put to death.” (Exodus 21:12)


Joseph himself testified that he had been kidnapped in Genesis 40:15 (15 I was forcibly carried off from the land of the Hebrews, and even here I have done nothing to deserve being put in a dungeon.’)

This also shows how greatly Joseph suffered due to their sin committed against him. Their sin was against their father and God as well.

Psalm 105 says

16 He called down famine on the land

and destroyed all their supplies of food;

17 and he sent a man before them—

Joseph, sold as a slave.

18 They bruised his feet with shackles,

his neck was put in irons,

19 till what he foretold came to pass,

till the word of the Lord proved him true.

20 The king sent and released him,

the ruler of peoples set him free.

21 He made him master of his household,

ruler over all he possessed,

22 to instruct his princes as he pleased

and teach his elders wisdom.


Joseph was given the name `Zaphenath-Paneah’ by Pharaoh

When Joseph was discovered by Pharaoh, Pharaoh made him Prime Minister and gave him the name ‘Zaphenath-Paneah’ (Genesis 41:45). This name is translated to be ’revealer of secrets’, ‘the man to whom secrets are revealed’, ‘saviour of the world’, ‘salvation of the age’, or  ‘the god speaks [and] he lives’ [2].


Joseph’s elder brothers’ sin and repentance

Joseph’s brothers suffered their guilt of selling Joseph to Egypt (Genesis 42:22) even though Joseph later explained to them that “So then, it was not you who sent me here, but God.” (Genesis 45:8a) After Jacob was passed away, they suffered the fear, and came, threw themselves down before Joseph to request to forgive their wrongs (Genesis 50:15-21).

What Judah said in Genesis 44:18-34 showed ‘repentance’. Now they understood how much Jacob loved Joseph. Even though Jacob had 4 wives, he indicated only Rachel as his wife (Genesis 44:27 “You know that my wife bore me two sons.”) So, they knew he would have died if he would have lost Benjamin (Genesis 44:31). Judah said, “if my father, whose life is closely bound up with the boy’s life” (Genesis 44:30b). This shows that Jacob loved Benjamin as his own life. In fact, Jacob loved Rachel, Joseph, and Benjamin most and dearly in the family – nothing can change his love. Love is love.

I want to briefly review the struggles of love and jealousy, as shown in Genesis 29-30 to study the background of the incident. Jacob loved Rachel, but Laban gave him both of his daughters: Leah (older daughter) first and then Rachel. Leah gave birth to 4 sons, but Rachel could not conceive and let her maid Bilhah to bear two sons. Leah competed with Rachel and gave Jacob her maid for having 2 more sons. Leah gave birth to 2 additional sons and one daughter. Finally, God enabled Rachel to conceive and she gave birth to Joseph and then Benjamin (two youngest children). Did the struggle continue in the next generation…? (They sold Joseph and tried to keep their father’s love for themselves) They were eager to compete for the love of the blessed man (Jacob), who was to have 12 sons to form 12 tribes of Israel. * Isaac blessed Jacob instead of Esau in Genesis 27.


The names of 12 tribes

In Exodus 28, God commanded Moses to make the garments for priests. Jacob (Israel)’s 12 children’s names are to be written in the order of their birth on two Onyx stones (6 names each) and each stone is to put on shoulder part of the ephod (a part of the priestly garments).

Their names in birth order is Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, God, Ashur, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin.

Also, each of their names is to be engraved on each of 12 gemstones placed on the breastpiece, a part of the priestly garments.

12 gemstones are to be placed in 4 rows and 3 columns in the breastpiece:

Carnelian, chrysolite and beryl

Turquoise, lapis lazuli and emerald

Jacinth, agate and amethyst

Topaz, onyx and jasper.

Urim (meaning: lights, fires) and Thummim (may mean perfection, truth) are to be put in the breastpiece. Urim is a white gemstone and Thummim is a black gemstone (Exodus 28:30)



[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011). (2011). (Revised and updated edition, Ge 44:30). London: Hodder & Stoughton.

[2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zaphnath-Paaneah

a dreaming teenager, Joseph

Posted by admin on 23 June 2019 in Genesis |

Genesis 37:1-36

Jacob had 12 sons. The 11th son, Joseph, 17 years old, was tending the flocks with his brothers, and he brought their father a bad report about them (2). Now Israel (=Jacob) loved Joseph more than any of his other sons, and he made an ornate robe for him (3). Because Jacob loved Joseph more than any of other brothers, they hated him (4).  Joseph had a dream (5a) that his 11 brothers bowed down to him (7). After Joseph told this dream to his brothers, they hated him all the more (5b, 8). In his 2nd dream the entire family bowed down to him (9).

Joseph sold as a slave to Egypt by his brothers as shown in v12 ~ 28. His brothers got Joseph’s robe in the goat’s blood and took it to their father (31, 32). Jacob thought some ferocious animal had devoured him and mourned for many days (34), refusing to be comforted (35).

Meanwhile, Joseph was sold in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard (36).

Here, two dreams double confirmed that the message in them was certain and not by accident. If similar signs or dreams are given to us twice, we may be more certain about the message contained in them.

When Joseph was sold as a slave in Egypt through his brothers’ sin, it appeared the beginning of misery in Joseph’s life, who had to go through slavery and unjust imprisonment (Genesis 39), but it actually was the beginning of fulfilment of his dreams (Genesis 40, 41a). He became the prime minister of Egypt after 13 years (Genesis 41b) and Joseph’s brothers came and bowed to Joseph (Genesis 42).

The dreamer Joseph had been a slave and a prisoner for 13 years! Let us be patient. What dreams do you have in God? Have you been going through hard times in life while waiting for the dreams come true? Let us endure hardship as discipline of a father who loves his son (Hebrews 12:4-13). Let us trust God who loves us and gives what is best for us.

Five Loaves and Two Fish

Posted by admin on 19 May 2019 in John, Luke, Mark, Matthew, The Book of Gospel |

Matthew 14:13-21, Mark 6:30-44, Luke 9:10-17, and John 6:1-13

The title of message today is “Five loaves and two fish”. This is what Jesus fed 5000 people with. When you live in the world where people are competing for good things, only this miracle may give you the true hope – God can give unlimited goodies. Your mind may be influenced by negativity before this study, but after this study, your mind may be filled with positivity and bright hope.

This event was written in all 4 books of Gospel: Matthew 14:13-21, Mark 6:30-44, Luke 9:10-17, and John 6:1-13. Only 10 events are written in all 4 books of Gospel. Five loaves and two fish is one the those 10 events. So, we can know how important and special this event is amongst all events!!

This “Five Loaves and Two Fish” miracle is still happening now-a-days all over the world. There are many people who experienced this miracle and are testifying it. For an example, some restaurateurs closed their usual restaurant businesses but started “Five Loaves and Two Fish” free restaurants. And they can keep on providing free food continuously year by year. But this miracle does not have to be food only. This miracle can happen to education, job, accommodation or any other.

Let’s study the details of the miracle to learn how this can be applied to your life.

As shown in Mark 6:5b-13 and Luke 9:1-9, Jesus had sent his 12 disciples out for mission before this miracle took place.

See Mark 6:12, 13.

12 They went out and preached that people should repent. 13 They drove out many demons and anointed with oil many people who were ill and healed them.

After mission trip, they had mission conference to report what they have done and taught (Mark 6:30, Luke 9:10). Then, because so many people were coming and going that they did not even have a chance to eat (Mark 6:31a), Jesus said to them in Mark 6:31,

‘Come with me by yourselves to a quiet place and get some rest.’

It says they didn’t have a chance to eat. You know sometimes you don’t have even time to eat. Then you know how busy the disciples were during the mission trip. Jesus knew they had been exhausted and so took them for rest.

We also need rest like today Sunday after hard works of the week. And this is one of the reasons why we go to camping during the Easter. Let us work hard until then and take some clean break during the Easter. I pray in Jesus name that God may help us to make some clean break possible during the Easter so that we may have rest. Amen.

So, they went away by themselves in a boat to a solitary place (Mark 6:32). But many who saw them leaving recognised them and ran on foot from all the towns and got there ahead of them (Mark 6:33).

Probably there might be still a lot of people wishing for healing from their diseases and looking for Jesus. Probably some might simply want to see Him and listen to Him. Jesus and His disciples were so popular and on demand, and so they couldn’t get away with the crowd even during their holiday!

When Jesus landed and saw a large crowd, he had compassion on them, because they were like sheep without a shepherd. So (Mark 6:34a) He welcomed them and spoke to them about the kingdom of God, and healed those who needed healing. (Luke 9:11b)

Jesus didn’t feel annoyed. Instead Jesus taught them and healed them. This is what we have to do even when sheep interrupt our holiday.

They had parents, brothers and sisters. But they didn’t have a shepherd who understand their problems and guide them. They were like sheep without a shepherd. Sheep need a shepherd. Sheep  are mild animal. But they are short-sighted, stubborn, easy to fall down, hard to get up by themselves, and vulnerable to predators.  Without a shepherd, their lives are under threats. We are like sheep before God. We can’t even foresee a few hours in future. But God knows all. We need God’s help. It is important to ask God, rely on God and wait for God. Jesus is a good shepherd who cares about us. He wants to give what is best for us. He loved us till the end even at the cost of His life.

Life is not only parents and children, brothers and sisters, or husband and wife relationship. There is shepherd and sheep relationship. If you are not a Christian yet, I pray you may be guided to good Shepherd, Jesus. If you are a Christian, I pray that you may take care of sheep as Jesus did. And bring them to Jesus. Your friends, classmates, relatives or family members may be your sheep for you to take care of. Our club name ‘Come & See’ indicates our emphasis to invite our sheep to Jesus. So, it is encouraged to bring your friend with you.

As evening approached, the disciples came to him and said, (Matthew 14:15a)

‘This is a remote place, and it’s already very late. Send the people away so that they can go to the surrounding countryside and villages and buy themselves something to eat.’ (Mark 6:35b, 36)

It was time to go home. But it seemed Jesus wouldn’t stop helping them. So, the disciples asked Jesus to send them away. What was the response of Jesus? See Matthew 14:16.

Jesus replied, ‘They do not need to go away. You give them something to eat.'

Here we learn that the disciples of Jesus should not only teach and heal them but also feed them in a situation like this.

What was response of the disciples?

Philip answered him, ‘It would take more than half a year’s wages to buy enough bread for each one to have a bite! (John 6:7) Are we to go and spend that much on bread and give it to them to eat?’ (Mark 6:37d)

This new challenge to feed the crowd required a lot of money to buy food. Philip estimated the minimum cost of “half a year’s wages”.

Jesus asked in Mark 6:38,

‘How many loaves do you have? Go and see.’

What Jesus said rapidly changed their focus from “buy what they don’t have” to “find what they have”!

At this, another of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter’s brother, spoke up, (John 6:8)

‘Here is a boy with five small barley loaves and two small fish, but how far will they go among so many?’ (John 6:9)

They went and found food, but it was with a boy, probably just enough for the boy – five small barley loaves and two small fish. It was clearly not enough as Andrew said, “how far will they go among so many?” Food is consumed and as consumed, food is run out. And some would be filled but most would starve. This is limitation. This is how life works. This is scientifically correct. This is mathematically correct. There is no exception and no better way. In real life, there are not enough jobs. So, some got jobs, and others are unemployed. People compete. Some win but others lose. This world looks promising. But it produces a lot of helpless people. But Jesus is the Game Changer.

How does Jesus solve this problem? See Luke 9:14.

Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Make them sit down in groups of about fifty each.'

As always, Jesus first requested them to set the environment for the miracle. Luke 9:15 says that

The disciples did so, and everyone sat down.

It is important that we believe Jesus and obey His command even when we don’t understand. Because He is going to perform His miracle after our obedience is completed. Imagine what would happen if they disobeyed☹. Obey His command and He is going to perform His miracle that will change the game in your life!

Taking the five loaves and the two fish and looking up to heaven, he gave thanks and broke them. Then he gave them to the disciples (Luke 9:16a)

We shouldn’t look at the large crowd and despair. We shouldn’t look at how few we have. Instead, we should look up to heaven where the almighty God is listening to your prayer done in the name of Jesus.

And as Jesus gave thanks to God, we should thank God for “what we have”, “opportunity to feed the crowd”, and “what God is going to do by miracle”.

They distributed to those who were seated as much as they wanted (John 6:11b). They all ate and were satisfied (Luke 9:17a),

The result was what we never saw in life. Even with the extremely limited resource and despite of extremely high demand, they could receive as much as they wanted, and they all were satisfied.

The number of the men who had eaten was five thousand according to Mark 6:44 and Luke 9:14. Matthew 14:21 says this number did not include women and children.

Finally, Jesus asked them to gather the pieces that were left over and let nothing be wasted (John 6:12).

So, they gathered them and filled twelve baskets with the pieces of the five barley loaves left over by those who had eaten. (John 6:13)

This shows that this miracle provided them sufficiently so as to be left over. This shows God provides more than enough rather than just enough. This shows God’s method. This shows God’s abundance. Also, we can learn how we should do the mission from God, sufficiently & to be left over!

Today, we learnt we should bring our small things to Jesus, thank God and they can be used for multitudes sufficiently & to be left over!

Who are sheep without a shepherd?

What 5 loaves and 2 fish do you have?

Jesus commands you, “You give them something to eat!”

Bring 5 loaves and 2 fish to Jesus.

Simply obey to set the environment for the miracle.

And, distribute 5 loaves and 2 fish to the crowd.

Gather what are left.

Give glory to God.


5 Loaves and 2 Fish VR Game draft v2

Posted by admin on 15 March 2019 in Uncategorized |

This VR draft v2 includes all dialogues and narrations in our animation @ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1i9mO_0JaFY

Game components could be added to
- crossing the water by boat to the solitary place
- searching for food to find a boy with 5 loaves and 2 fish
- letting people sit down in groups of 50 each
- distribution of 5 loaves and 2 fish
- collection of broken pieces

5 loaves and 2 fish VR (Virtual Reality) game draft (v1)

Posted by admin on 6 March 2019 in Uncategorized |

Five Loaves and Two Fish

Posted by admin on 26 February 2019 in Uncategorized |

We created a storyboard in Friday meeting during O-Week 2019, recorded dialog last Sunday meeting, and narration this Sunday. As a result, we completed "Five Loaves and Two Fish" animation film in 10 days.

Our Virtual Reality Game “The Armour of God” has been upgraded! Available to play during O-Week 2019 in our stall!!

Posted by admin on 28 January 2019 in Uncategorized |

Come & See Club upgraded our Virtual Reality Game "The Armour of God". This VR game will be presented in our stall during O-Week 2019 in UNSW.

This game is a biblical virtual reality game based on Ephesians 6:10–17. In the game the player collects 6 items of the armour of God (belt, breastplate, footware, shield, helmet, and sword) led by a human character. You may follow the human character to know what item and where to pick up and where to drop off the item. The human character also explains about meanings of some of items of the armour of God.

The Armour of God 27_01_2019 5_00_21 PM The Armour of God 27_01_2019 4_57_39 PM

Behind all of one’s evil deeds stands one’s disbelief in Christ and the rejection of Christ’s light or revelation.

Posted by admin on 18 November 2018 in John |

John 3:17 - 21

17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him. 18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son. 19 This is the verdict: light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil. 20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. 21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.

After John 3:1-16, Jesus continued to explain to Nicodemus in John 3:17-21.

See v17.

17 For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but to save the world through him.

By the Son’s incarnation, death and resurrection, Jesus can save the world if it believes, but that means that part of the world may and will reject the Son’s accomplishments and thus will be condemned. [2]


See v18.

18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already because they have not believed in the name of God’s one and only Son.


The idea expressed here is that the one who chooses to disbelieve Jesus has already been judged and received the sentence of condemnation. Jesus thus divided humanity into two groups when he came (or was sent) into the world in accord with their response to him; those who are being saved and those who have been condemned. This probably is John’s way of confronting unbelievers with the harsh realities that face them—not only will they be condemned, they already have been condemned. [2]


There is in John a present and a future condemnation, as well as a present and a future element or aspect of salvation. [2]


See v19.

19 This is the verdict: light has come into the world, but people loved darkness instead of light because their deeds were evil.


Verse 19 states the cause or grounds of judgment: the light has come into the world—this light is Jesus (John 8:12) and the light came at his incarnation—but many persons have loved darkness instead of light. One’s faith produces one’s personal actions. What one believes, one becomes and does. [2]


See v20.

20 Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come into the light for fear that their deeds will be exposed.


Those who practice evil works love darkness, under the cover of which their evil deeds are done; they, therefore, reject the light because they do not wish their evil deeds to be exposed, Behind all of one’s evil deeds stands one’s disbelief in Christ and the rejection of Christ’s light or revelation. The unbeliever stays as far from Christ as he/she can, because Christ’s standards of truth, by contrast, will brand the unbeliever’s deeds for what they are. [2]


See v21.

21 But whoever lives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainly that what they have done has been done in the sight of God.

On the other hand, the one who lives by the truth comes readily to the light. “To do the truth” or “to live by the truth” reproduces the Old Testament’s אמת עשׂה (’emeth ‘asah) which originally meant “to demonstrate one’s faithfulness,” and then came to mean “to act faithfully” or “to act uprightly.” Notice the close connection between doing and being: one’s deeds spring from what one believes. This is expressed by Jesus in slightly different language, though the concepts are the same, in Matt 12:34, “Out of the overflow of the heart the mouth speaks” [2]


Finally, I share a great illustration of John 3:16 I found in [3]:

God The greatest Lover
so loved The greatest degree
the world The greatest company
that he gave The greatest act
his one and only Son The greatest gift
that whoever The greatest opportunity
believes The greatest simplicity
in him The greatest attraction
shall not perish The greatest promise
but The greatest difference
have The greatest certainty
eternal life The greatest possession



[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011). (2011). (Revised and updated edition., Jn 3:16–21). London: Hodder & Stoughton.

[2] Bryant, B. H., & Krause, M. S. (1998). John (Jn 3:17–21). Joplin, MO: College Press Pub. Co.

[3] Hughes, R. K. (1999). John: that you may believe (p. 86). Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books.

Being born again

Posted by admin on 29 October 2018 in John |

If you are a student in a university, this message should interest you.

People can be spiritually totally ignorant even if they may be fully educated!

How to be spiritually reborn? Why is it so important?

This message is based on John 3:1-16, which includes 'key verse' of the entire bible - John 3:16.

Jesus taught 'being born again' to Nicodemus who was a religious leader & a political leader in Israel.

Nicodemus was similar to people in universities who are (future) leaders in the society.

John 3:1-16 (NIV) was read out in the following video:

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