I am he

Posted by admin on 29 January 2023 in 2 Timothy, Deuteronomy, Genesis, John, The Book of Romans |

John 4:19-26 [1]

19 ‘Sir,’ the woman said, ‘I can see that you are a prophet. 20 Our ancestors worshipped on this mountain, but you Jews claim that the place where we must worship is in Jerusalem.’

21 ‘Woman,’ Jesus replied, ‘believe me, a time is coming when you will worship the Father neither on this mountain nor in Jerusalem. 22 You Samaritans worship what you do not know; we worship what we do know, for salvation is from the Jews. 23 Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshippers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshippers the Father seeks. 24 God is spirit, and his worshippers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.’

25 The woman said, ‘I know that Messiah’ (called Christ) ‘is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.’

26 Then Jesus declared, ‘I, the one speaking to you—I am he.’

I. True Worship (19-24)

The Samaritan woman recognised Jesus as a prophet (19). She raised the worship issue showing her religious and spiritual side (20). She appeared physical (John 4:18). We learn that a person who appears physical may be also interested in spiritual matters.
The Samaritan woman wanted to know where to worship (20). In the Old Testament, the one place of worship was commanded (Deuteronomy 12:1-32, esp., Deuteronomy 12:5). Let us study the true worship Jesus taught (21-24). [2]

  1. True worship does not depend on the location (21) [2].

The physical location of worship does not matter whether it is this mountain, Jerusalem, or home.

  1. True worship requires ‘to know God’ (22) [2].

Important is the knowledge of God, that is, knowing God, who is our object of worship.

How we can know God [2]:

  • GOD’s WORD: The Holy Bible (The written revelation) is God-breathed (2 Timothy 3:16-17). Note that the Old Testament, especially the Law (the first five books) was given only to the Jews previously. And, the living God led them in their history. So, the Jews know God well.
  • GOD’S IMAGE: The requirements of the law are written in their hearts, their conscience bears witness, and their thoughts accuse/defend them (Romans 2:15). We were created in His image (Genesis 1:27).
  • GOD’S CREATION: God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made (Romans 1:20).
  1. True worship is in the Spirit and in truth (23-24).

See v23. God is spirit. He seeks the true worshippers (as opposed to ‘we go to the temple, we seek God.’). God will find you wherever you worship in the Spirit and in truth.

See v24.

24 God is spirit, and his worshippers must worship in the Spirit and in truth.

In the Spirit (in spirit): in the human spirit moved by the Spirit of God (Romans 8:14, 16, 26) as opposed to external, stiffened, and even carnally fanatical modes of worship [3].

In truth: real, actual (in life) as opposed to symbolic, formal, ritualistic worship [3]. Our day-to-day life as a living sacrifice to God is written in Romans 12:1-2. A relevant message is https://comnc.org/christian-pledge-of-allegiance-to-god [4].

II. I am he (25-26)

See v25.

25 The woman said, ‘I know that Messiah’ (called Christ) ‘is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.’

The Samaritan woman was waiting for Messiah (=Christ). She couldn’t find Christ in her five ex-husbands. She gave up calling her 6th man ‘husband’. She waited for the true husband (John 4:15, 25) and the object of worship (John 4:20).

What is the answer of Jesus? See v26.

26 Then Jesus declared, ‘I, the one speaking to you—I am he.’

Jesus revealed He was Christ she was looking for. She was already speaking with Him. What a touching moment! Saving this woman was why Jesus had to go through Samaria (John 4:4). Jesus knew she was waiting for Christ (25) and ready (John 4:15, 20) and came in time. She finally met her true husband and the object of worship, who would give her living water (John 4:10) that would become in her a spring of water welling up to eternal life (John 4:14).

References

  1. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Anglicised. Revised and updated. ed. 2011: London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  2. Park, Y. The True Worship (John 4:19-24). 2021 29/01/2023]; Available from: https://comnc.org/the-true-worship/.
  3. Lange, J.P.S., Philip, A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: John. Logos Research ed. 2008, Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.
  4. Park, Y. Christian Pledge of Allegiance. 2014 29/01/2023]; Available from: https://comnc.org/a-living-sacrifice-holy-and-acceptable-to-god/.

From the life drawing water of satisfaction to eternal life in Jesus Christ

Posted by admin on 22 January 2023 in Isaiah, John, Revelation |

John 4:11–18 (NIV 2011) [1]:

11 ‘Sir,’ the woman said, ‘you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?’

13 Jesus answered, ‘Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.’

15 The woman said to him, ‘Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty and have to keep coming here to draw water.’

16 He told her, ‘Go, call your husband and come back.’

17 ‘I have no husband,’ she replied.

Jesus said to her, ‘You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.’

I. Are you greater? (11-12)

See v11-12.

11 ‘Sir,’ the woman said, ‘you have nothing to draw with and the well is deep. Where can you get this living water? 12 Are you greater than our father Jacob, who gave us the well and drank from it himself, as did also his sons and his livestock?’

The Samaritan woman called Jesus ‘Sir’. In v9, she called Jesus a Jew. Now she called Him Sir (11, 15, 19). Later she recognised Him as a Prophet (19) and then finally Christ (25, 26, 29).

Here, the woman thought that living water (John 4:10) was physical water as Nicodemus thought that the rebirth was physical rebirth (John 3:4, 9).

The Samaritan woman asked, “Are you greater than our father Jacob…?” (12). The great servant of God Moses caused an instant spring from the rock [2]. Water gushed out from the rock when Moses raised his arm and struck the rock with his staff, and the community and their livestock drank (Numbers 20:11).

II. Whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst (13-14)

What is the answer of Jesus? See v13-14.

13 Jesus answered, ‘Everyone who drinks this water will be thirsty again, 14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.’

Jesus explained why the water He would give was better than the water from the well.

There is a limitation of water from the well. The limitation is its satisfaction is temporary (“thirsty again” (13)), requiring repetition. But the water Jesus gives satisfies forever (“never thirst” (14a)). See v14b.

Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.

The living water becomes a spring of water inside its drinker, welling up to eternal life.

Eternal life is defined in John 7:3.

Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent.

Here, the knowledge of God and Jesus Christ is not just necessary information but the experiential relationship with them.

Eternal life may be translated to be “real life which never ends” to emphasize the qualitative significance of eternal life, rather than merely its duration [3].

For your reference, verses related to v14 are John 6:35, 7:38, Isaiah 55:1-5, 49:10 and Revelation 7:16, 21:6.

III. Give me this water (15)

What is the answer of the Samaritan woman? See v15.

15 The woman said to him, ‘Sir, give me this water so that I won’t get thirsty and have to keep coming here to draw water.’

Her answer shows she wanted living water (“Sir, give me this water”) and she was tired of her life drawing water (“I won’t … have to keep coming here to draw water”).

IV. Go, call your husband and come back (16-18)

What is the answer of Jesus? See  v16.

16 He told her, ‘Go, call your husband and come back.’

Jesus suddenly asked her to call her husband and come back. To receive living water from Jesus and have a spring of water in her heart, she had to repent of her sin.

What was the answer of the woman? See v17a.

17 ‘I have no husband,’ she replied.

She tried to hide her sin. But Jesus knew the truth. See v17b and 18.

Jesus said to her, ‘You are right when you say you have no husband. 18 The fact is, you have had five husbands, and the man you now have is not your husband. What you have just said is quite true.’

Jesus didn’t say she lied. If he said so, she could close her heart. Instead, he acknowledged her statement being ‘quite true’ so that he would continue to help her. She had five husbands in her past. Now she was living with her sixth man.

Her sharp responses and comparison in John 4:7 and John 4:11-12 show her heart was filled with scars from her past. Men are selfish and they can hurt. After breaking up with each man, she had to look for another man. She repeated this multiple times. Her heart was filled with more and more scars. She was shunned by other women and avoided others due to her past (John 4:6-7) which she wanted to hide (John 4:17). She was tired of her life drawing water of satisfaction (John 4:15). This woman shows the reality of pursuing satisfaction in this world. The solution is ‘living water’ that gives true and eternal satisfaction. Let us continue to study John 4:19-26 to learn how this woman met Christ (the true husband) she was waiting for.

References

  1. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Anglicised. Revised and updated. ed. 2011: London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  2. Lange, J.P.S., Philip, A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: John. Logos Research ed. 2008, Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.
  3. Newman, B.M., and Eugene Albert Nida, A Handbook on the Gospel of John. Logos Research ed. UBS Handbook Series. 1993: New York: United Bible Societies.

Jesus who gives living water

Posted by admin on 15 January 2023 in John, Philippians |

John 4:7-10 [1]

When a Samaritan woman came to draw water, Jesus said to her, ‘Will you give me a drink?’ (His disciples had gone into the town to buy food.)

The Samaritan woman said to him, ‘You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?’ (For Jews do not associate with Samaritans.)

10 Jesus answered her, ‘If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.’

I. Will you give me a drink? (7-9)

It was about noon (John 4:6c). A Samaritan woman came to draw water (7a). Usually, several women together would come to the well to draw water in the evening avoiding noon when it would be too hot in the Middle East. But this woman came to the well at noon alone. We can know she was avoiding others due to her past (John 4:18). See v7b.

Jesus said to her, ‘Will you give me a drink?’ (7b)

This shows Jesus was thirsty. However, His primary reason for asking for a drink was to help her ask Him for living water (10b, John 4:15).

According to the traditional Jewish custom of the day, Jews did not associate with Samaritans (9b) and Jewish men refrained from speaking with women in public - even with their own wives [2].  Beyond these social barriers, Jesus helped her.

His disciples were conveniently out of the way (8) [2].

What was the response of the Samaritan woman? See v9a.

The Samaritan woman said to him, ‘You are a Jew and I am a Samaritan woman. How can you ask me for a drink?’

v9 shows that she couldn’t comprehend the condescension of a Jew asking for her help, and questioned His unusual freedom from the custom. Philippians 2:5-7 teaches us about the humility of Christ Jesus.

In your relationships with one another, have the same mindset as Christ Jesus:

who, being in very nature God,

did not consider equality with God something to be used to his own advantage;

rather, he made himself nothing

by taking the very nature of a servant,

being made in human likeness.

And being found in appearance as a man,

he humbled himself

by becoming obedient to death—even death on a cross!

Later this woman realises He is Christ (Messiah) (John 4:25-26).

II. Living Water (10)

What is the answer of Jesus? See v10.

10 Jesus answered her, ‘If you knew the gift of God and who it is that asks you for a drink, you would have asked him and he would have given you living water.’

Here, ‘the gift of God’ could mean [3]

  1. Jesus Himself
  2. The Holy Spirit
  3. The singular grace of God in this moment
  4. Eternal life
  5. Living water

‘living water’ is explained in John 4:14.

14 but whoever drinks the water I give them will never thirst. Indeed, the water I give them will become in them a spring of water welling up to eternal life.’

As ‘rebirth’ in John 3:3-6 had two senses (physical, spiritual) of birth, ‘living water’ can refer to moving water as from a spring or bubbling spring water (physical) [2] and the following (spiritual). Of course, Jesus meant the latter one (spiritual).

“It is evidently the inner-life as the operation of the life of Christ, conceived predominantly under the aspect of inward peace (no longer thirsting), developing into regeneration, life in the Holy Ghost (the water’s becoming a fountain) and perfection in blessedness (springing up into everlasting life).” [3].

Tholuck: “The word of salvation the medium of a living power of the Spirit” (John 7:38, John 11:26) [3]

Godet: “Living water is the life eternal, which is Christ Himself living in the soul by the Holy Spirit” [3].

References

  1. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Anglicised. Revised and updated. ed. 2011: London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  2. Borchert, G.L., The New American Commentary: John 1-11. 1996: Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
  3. Lange, J.P.S., Philip, A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: John. Logos Research ed. 2008, Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software.

Jesus tired from the journey by Jacob’s Well, Sychar, Samaria

Posted by admin on 8 January 2023 in 2 Kings, Genesis, Hebrews, John, Joshua, Luke, Matthew |

John 4:5-6 [1]

So he came to a town in Samaria called Sychar, near the plot of ground Jacob had given to his son Joseph. Jacob’s well was there, and Jesus, tired as he was from the journey, sat down by the well. It was about noon.

I. Jesus at Sychar, Samaria (5)

The Assyrians invaded and captured Samaria (2 Kings 17:5-6, 2 Kings 18:9-12). As a result, their blood and culture were mixed with the Gentiles (2 Kings 17:24-41). The purity-oriented Jews might avoid passing through Samaria, which might bring them into contact with the Gentiles or Samaritans [2]. But Jesus chose to pass through it to save a Samaritan woman (John 4:7) and other Samaritans (John 4:39-42) as He saw their souls ripe for the harvest (John 4:35).

Jesus came to a town called Sychar (5a). Jacob had bought a plot of ground from the sons of Hamor in the city of Shechem (Genesis 33:18-19). Jacob had given the plot of ground at Shechem to Joseph’s descendants (5b, Joshua 24:32).

II. Jesus tired from the journey by Jacob’s Well (6)

Jacob’s well was there (6a). ‘Well’ is a place of encounter in the ancient world (Genesis 24:11, 15-17, Genesis 29:2-12) [2]. Jesus was tired from the journey (6b) and thirsty (John 4:7). He sat down by the well (6c).

This shows Jesus was not only divine as God but also mortal as a human.  As a human, he experienced our weaknesses and can understand and help us (Hebrews 4:15-16).

“But as in the temptation stories (cf. Matthew 4:3–4; Luke 4:3–4), we, like the disciples in this present story, must learn from Jesus not to allow personal mortality and its needs to dominate our concerns (cf. John 4:31–38)” [2].

References

  1. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Anglicised. Revised and updated. ed. 2011: London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  2. Borchert, G.L., The New American Commentary: John 1-11. 1996: Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

Jesus, about to go through Samaria after Baptismal Ministry in Judea

Posted by admin on 1 January 2023 in Ezekiel, John, Luke, Mark, Matthew, The Book of Romans |

John 4:1-4 [1]

Now Jesus learned that the Pharisees had heard that he was gaining and baptising more disciples than John—although in fact it was not Jesus who baptised, but his disciples. So he left Judea and went back once more to Galilee.

Now he had to go through Samaria.

I. Water Baptism by the Disciples of Jesus (1-2)

The Pharisees are those who were sent to question Baptist John about his baptism in John 1:24-25. Now they heard of Jesus’ baptism (1).

Passages such as Ezekiel 36:25 and Ezekiel 37:23 let the Jews expect a cleansing of the people [2]. Baptism is related to cleansing and this cleansing would be the role of the Messiah (=the Prophet) or his forerunner (e.g., Elijah) [3] (See John 1:25). So, it is no surprise that Jesus the Messiah incorporated baptism (1, John 3:22, John 3:26). Even so, the fact that Jesus was gaining and baptising more disciples than John (1) was a conflict of interest to them. The reason they handed Jesus over to crucify was self-interest (Matthew 27:18, Mark 15:10). Jesus taught in Matthew 6:24, “…You cannot serve both God and Money.” If their position and popularity were important to them more than God’s will and His commands, they are not serving God but something else expressed as ‘Money’ in Matthew 6:24. Such people suppress the truth by their wickedness, causing the wrath of God (Romans 1:18).

V2 clarifies that this water baptism in v1 was performed not by Jesus but by the disciples of Jesus. This may correct the possible wrong impression that Jesus is a merely baptising prophet parallel to John the Baptist [4].

II. Journey back to Galilee via Samaria (3-4)

Jesus left Judea for a reason written in v1. But it was not simply due to the situational pressure from the conflict of interest among the Pharisees. The Bible tells us that Jesus had power and control (Matthew 26:53) to confront but he purposefully chose to obey and fulfil God’s will (Matthew 26:54). So, we can know his leaving Judea, going back to Galilee (3) via Samaria (4) was decided according to God’s will and direction (John 5:19).

Other verses that show the withdrawal are Matthew 12:15, Mark 3:7 and Luke 5:16 [4].

References

  1. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Anglicised. Revised and updated. ed. 2011: London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  2. Lenski, R.C.H., The Interpretation of St. John’s Gospel. Logos Research Edition ed. 1961, Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Publishing House.
  3. Park, Y. Baptist John Baptises them with Water as the forerunner of the Messiah. 1/1/2023]; Available from: https://comnc.org/baptist-john-baptises-them-with-water-as-the-forerunner-of-the-messiah.
  4. Borchert, G.L., The New American Commentary: John 1-11. 1996: Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

Christmas written in John 1 ~ 3

Posted by admin on 25 December 2022 in Exodus, Hebrews, Isaiah, John, Luke, Mark, Matthew, Philippians, Revelation |

John 1:14

The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.

We studied John 1 ~ 3 recently. What is Christmas written in John 1 ~ 3? There are verses like John 1:9, John 1:14, and John 1:18. Today let us study John 1:14 [1, 2].

I. “The Word became flesh” (14a)

‘the Word’ existed before the creation, before our time and space ever existed. ‘the Word’ was intimate and together with God. ‘the Word’ was God (John 1:1).

This Word was born as a baby to be with us. His name is Jesus. Hallelujah! This is Good News of Great Joy (Luke 2:10)! Great Joy is from the Salvation gracefully & mercifully given to those who do not deserve. This joy is for everyone (Luke 2:10, John 1:9). He was conceived in Virgin Mary through the Holy Spirit. His Father was literally God in heaven. We celebrate this event every year. This event is Christmas! Merry Christmas!

On Christmas, the whole world celebrates with great joy, playing carols, sending greeting cards, having family gatherings, enjoying the holidays, and helping the poor.

Tiktok video on John 1:14a

II. “and made his dwelling among us.” (14b)

 His name is also Immanuel (Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14), meaning ‘God with us’. In the Old testament, God descended on Mount Sinai (Exodus 19:18), revealed His Glory, and gave the Law through Moses. This was an awesome event! But ‘God made His dwelling among us’ is even more awesome!! Amen.

Tiktok video on John 1:14b

III. "We have seen his glory, the glory of the one and only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth." (14c)

“We have seen his glory”

Jesus performed numerous awesome miracles that no one has seen before. This is glorious! He taught the awesome Truth like no other. This is glorious! He died for our sins, raised in three days, and became the king of kings, and the lord of lords (Revelation 19:16, Philippians 2:9-11). This is glorious! Overcoming temptations, answering to tricky questions without being trapped, being a man with the Word within, … There are many other glories we can see about Him.

“the glory of one and only son”

The Word was one and only son of God before the creation (Hebrews 1:2). Also, on the earth Jesus was literally one and only son of God, who was conceived in a virgin called Mary through the Holy Spirit.

“who came from the Father, full of grace and truth”

Grace is mercy. Grace is Grace because it was given to those who do not deserve. Jesus forgave and healed many people while the Law would condemn them.

Jesus is the Truth (John 14:6). Jesus lived and taught Truth such as hate your life to keep it for eternal life (John 12:25, Matthew 10:39, Luke 17:33), serve to be great (Matthew 20:26-27, Mark 10:43-44, Luke 22:26), narrow gate to life; wide gate to destruction (Matthew 7:13-14, Luke 13:24) to name a few. His entire life was full of examples for all mankind to follow.

Tiktok videos on

References

1. The Holy Bible: New International Version. Anglicised. Revised and updated. ed. 2011: London: Hodder & Stoughton.
2. The Word became flesh (Part 1). 25/12/2022]; Available from: https://comnc.org/the-word-became-flesh-part-1/.

Have Eternal life or Remain Condemned

Posted by admin on 18 December 2022 in Ephesians, John, Matthew, Proverbs |

John 3:35-36

35 The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands. 36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life, but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.

I. God has placed everything in His Son’s hands (35)

See John 3:35.

35 The Father loves the Son and has placed everything in his hands.

‘The Father loves the Son’ (35a, Matthew 3:17) is the cause of the following action: ‘has placed everything in his hands’ (35b).

Verses similar to 35b are Matthew 11:27, John 13:3, Matthew 28:18, and Ephesians 1:22.

‘has placed everything in his hands’ (35b)  includes the fact that the reality of salvation is actually in the hands of Jesus [2].

See Matthew 11:27.

27 ‘All things have been committed to me by my Father. No one knows the Son except the Father, and no one knows the Father except the Son and those to whom the Son chooses to reveal him.

All things that have been committed to the Son (35b, Matthew 11:27a) include ‘knowledge’ (Matthew 11:27b) which means ‘experiential relationship’ or ‘eternal life’ (John 17:3).  We discuss this again in Section II below.

II. Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life (36a)

See John 3:36a.

36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life,

‘eternal life’ in v36a is defined in John 17:3.

Now this is eternal life: that they know you, the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom you have sent

Here, ‘knowledge’ is not just necessary information but the experiential relationship. In Jesus, our relationship with God is restored and we experience God.

Eternal life contains a present element and does not exclude a future dimension [2].

God’s Wisdom in Proverbs represents God the Son (Jesus, Proverbs 8:22-31). In Proverbs 8:35, God’s Wisdom speaks as follows.

35 For those who find me find life

and receive favour from the Lord.

‘Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life’ (36a) matches ‘those who find me find life and receive favour from the LORD’ in Proverbs 8:35. 'me' in Proverbs 8:35 may be replaced with 'Jesus'.

III. Whoever rejects the Son remains condemned (36b)

See John 3:36b.

but whoever rejects the Son will not see life, for God’s wrath remains on them.

In Proverbs 8:36, God’s Wisdom (God the Son) speaks as follows.

36 But those who fail to find me harm themselves;

all who hate me love death.’

36b matches Proverbs 8:36.

‘God’s wrath remains on them’ means not to become condemned but to continue in condemnation [2].

References

[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011), Revised and updated edition. (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2011).

[2] Gerald L. Borchert, John 1–11, vol. 25A, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), 195.

The One whom God has Sent

Posted by admin on 11 December 2022 in Colossians, John |

John 3:34

34 For the one whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God gives the Spirit without limit.

v34 contains the Father (God), the Son (the Words of God), and the Holy Spirit (the Spirit) [2].

I. The One whom God has Sent

See v34a.

For the one whom God has sent

Baptist John

Baptist John was a man sent from God (John 1:6).

Jesus

The Gospel of John mentions 39 times that Jesus was sent from God (John 3:17, John 3:34, John 4:34, John 5:23–24, John 5:30, John 5:36–38, John 6:29, John 6:38–39, John 6:44, John 6:57, John 7:16, John 7:29, John 8:16, John 8:18, John 8:26, John 8:29, John 8:42, John 9:4, John 10:36, John 11:42, John 12:44–45, John 12:49, John 13:16, John 13:20, John 14:24, John 15:21, John 16:5, John 17:3, John 17:18, John 17:21, John 17:23, John 17:25, John 20:21)  [3].

“This affirms Jesus’ deity and heavenly origin, as well as God’s sovereignty and love in initiating the Son’s Incarnation (cf. Galatians 4:4, 1 John 4:9–10, 14).” [3]

II. He Speaks the Words of God

He did not speak on his own but the words of God.

Jesus said in John 12:49,

49 For I did not speak on my own, but the Father who sent me commanded me to say all that I have spoken.

Similarly, Jesus did only what he sees his Father doing (John 5:19).

19 Jesus gave them this answer: ‘Very truly I tell you, the Son can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does.

III. God Gives the Spirit Without Limit

See v34c.

For God gives the Spirit without limit.

“The Jewish teachers taught that the different prophets had received various measures of the Spirit according to the demands of their assigned tasks. For example, Rabbi Aha said that the Spirit worked in each prophet according to the measure of each prophet’s task assigned by God. This was true also of the Baptist, but not of Jesus, to whom God gave the Spirit in fullness or without limitations (cf. Colossians 1:19, Colossians 2:9).” [4].

Colossians 1:19

19 For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him,

Colossians 2:9

For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, 10 and in Christ you have been brought to fullness. He is the head over every power and authority.

The words of Jesus contain full of the Spirit and life

See John 6:63.

The Spirit gives life; the flesh counts for nothing. The words I have spoken to you—they are full of the Spirit and life.

References

[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011), Revised and updated edition. (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2011).

[2] Kenneth O. Gangel, John, vol. 4, Holman New Testament Commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000), 60.

[3] Edwin A. Blum, “John,” in The Bible Knowledge Commentary: An Exposition of the Scriptures, ed. J. F. Walvoord and R. B. Zuck, vol. 2 (Wheaton, IL: Victor Books, 1985), 283.

[4] Beauford H. Bryant and Mark S. Krause, John, The College Press NIV Commentary (Joplin, MO: College Press Pub. Co., 1998), Jn 3:34.

The One Who Comes From Heaven Is Above All

Posted by admin on 4 December 2022 in John, The Book of Romans |

John 3:31-33

31 The one who comes from above is above all; the one who is from the earth belongs to the earth, and speaks as one from the earth. The one who comes from heaven is above all. 32 He testifies to what he has seen and heard, but no one accepts his testimony. 33 Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful.

I. The Agent of Heaven and the Agent of Earth (31, 32a)

The following statement is derived from v31 and v32a.

“The authentic messenger or agent from heaven is utterly superior to any and all earth-oriented persons (31), for he has seen and heard the realities of heaven and bears witness to those realities (32a)” [6].

II. The World’s Tragic Rejection of the Agent of Heaven and His Testimony (32b)

See v32.

32 He testifies to what he has seen and heard, but no one accepts his testimony.

‘no one’ should not be taken literally but be understood as a literary hyperbole to emphasize the world’s tragic rejection of the heavenly messenger [2] and his testimony.

“John reviews the history as a whole, in the course of which the believers are a vanishing minority.” [Tholuck] “John no doubt speaks here with the conduct of the Jews chiefly in view” [2].

This rejection finally resulted in the crucifixion.

III. Those who Accepted the Testimony of the Agent of Heaven (33)

But Jesus was raised back to life. The resurrection proved that Jesus was the son of God (Romans 1:4). Now v33 says,

33 Whoever has accepted it has certified that God is truthful.

This contrast between the universal rejection (32) and the acceptance (33) is clearly a mirror image of the initial one made in the Prologue (John 1:1-18) [2]. The universal rejection is written in John 1:10-11 and the acceptance is written in John 1:12.

See other translations [4] for John 3:33. V33 could be said, “The one who accepts the witness of Jesus attests that Jesus speaks the message of God” [5].

One might have expected ‘…has certified that Jesus is truthful’ in v33. But it says, ‘…has certified that God is truthful’. To accept Jesus is to accept God; to deny Jesus is to deny God and regard both as liars. [7]

God confers great honour on poor, worthless men, who are thought worthy of approving the sacred truth of God [8].

References

[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011), Revised and updated edition. (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2011).

[2] Gerald L. Borchert, John 1–11, vol. 25A, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), 193.

[3] John Peter Lange and Philip Schaff, A Commentary on the Holy Scriptures: John (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2008), 144–145.

[4] "John 3:33 in Other Translations." Retrieved 4/12/2022, from https://www.biblestudytools.com/john/3-33.html#:~:text=John%203%3A33%20in%20Other%20Translations&text=33%20Whoever%20receives%20his%20testimony,this%2C%20that%20God%20is%20true.&text=33%20Anyone%20who%20accepts%20his%20testimony%20can%20affirm%20that%20God%20is%20true.&text=33%20But%20anyone%20who%20examines,God%20himself%20is%20the%20truth.

[5] A.T. Robertson, Word Pictures in the New Testament (Nashville, TN: Broadman Press, 1933), Jn 3:33.

[6] Gerald L. Borchert, John 1–11, vol. 25A, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1996), 193.

[7] Beauford H. Bryant and Mark S. Krause, John, The College Press NIV Commentary (Joplin, MO: College Press Pub. Co., 1998), Jn 3:33.

[8] John Calvin, John, Crossway Classic Commentaries (Wheaton, IL: Crossway Books, 1994), Jn 3:33.

 

He Must Become Greater

Posted by admin on 27 November 2022 in 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, John, Luke, Mark, Matthew, Philippians, Proverbs |

John 3:30

30 He must become greater; I must become less.

I. Baptist John

The word of God came to Baptist John son of Zechariah in the wilderness (Luke 3:2). He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins (Luke 3:3).

Gloriously, so many people came to Baptist John. See Mark 1:5.

The whole Judean countryside and all the people of Jerusalem went out to him.

II. Temptation for Vain Glory

The devil tempted them for vain glory [3] (‘you will be like God’) in Genesis 3:5.

“…when you eat from it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God…”

The devil tempted Jesus for vain glory in Matthew 4:5-6 by asking to throw himself down from the temple top and in Matthew 4:8-9 by promising the kingdoms of the world and their splendour.

III. God’s Will

See v30a (NIV).

“He must become greater

Many translations said, “He must increase”.

“Jesus must increase” is nothing less than God’s will that he does so [4]. We should put God’s will first before rivalry or jealousy.

For your reference, some verses on vain glory are 2 Corinthians 10:17-18, Philippians 2:3, Galatians 5:26, Proverbs 25:6, Galatians 6:14, and 1 Corinthians 1:28-29 [2].

References

[1] The Holy Bible: New International Version (Anglicised Edition, 2011), Revised and updated edition. (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 2011).

[2] "Vain Glory." Retrieved 27/11/2022, from https://www.openbible.info/topics/vain_glory.

[3] John Chrysostom, “Homilies of St. John Chrysostom, Archbishop of Constantinople, on the Gospel of St. John,” in Saint Chrysostom: Homilies on the Gospel of St. John and Epistle to the Hebrews, ed. Philip Schaff, trans. G. T. Stupart, vol. 14, A Select Library of the Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers of the Christian Church, First Series (New York: Christian Literature Company, 1889), 102.

[4] Beauford H. Bryant and Mark S. Krause, John, The College Press NIV Commentary (Joplin, MO: College Press Pub. Co., 1998), Jn 3:30.

 

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